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APA Citation 7th Ed: In-Text Citation Examples

An olds College guide to APA Citation Style, 7th Edition.

In-Text Citations Directory

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In-Text Citation Examples

APA In-text Citations follow an author and date model.  Direct quotes require the inclusion of a page number.  When no page number is available, substitute with a paragraph number (Ex. Hernandez, 2010, para. 4).

Type of Citation First Citation in text Subsequent Citations in Text Parenthetical Format, First Citation in Text Parenthetical Format, Subsequent Citations
in Text

1 work by 1 author

Siegel (2004) Siegel (2004) (Siegel, 2004) (Siegel, 2004)

1 work by 2 authors

Hunt and Wilkins (2007) Hunt and Wilkins (2007) (Hunt & Wilkins, 2007) (Hunt & Wilkins, 2007)

1 work by 3 or more authors

Baxter et al. (2005) Baxter et al. (2005) (Baxter et al., 2005) (Baxter et al., 2005)

Groups (readily identified through abbreviations) as authors

Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC, 2007)
CDC (2007) (Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention [CDC], 2007)
(CDC, 2007)

Groups (no abbreviation) as authors

Olds College (2010) Olds College (2010) (Olds College, 2010) (Olds College, 2010)

2 or more works

Harlow (1999) and
Smith (2001)
Harlow (1999) and
Smith (2001)
(Harlow, 1999; Smith, 2001) (Harlow, 1999; Smith, 2001)

2 or more works by 1 author in the same year

Jones (2009a)
Jones (2009b)
Jones (2009a)
Jones (2009b)
(Jones, 2009a)
(Jones, 2009b)
(Jones, 2009a)
(Jones, 2009b)
Work with no author ("Understanding information overload," n.d.)  ("Understanding information overload," n.d.)  ("Understanding information overload," n.d.)  ("Understanding information overload," n.d.)
Work with no author (Drug database, Encyclopedia, Dictionary, etc.) "Drospirenone" (2019) "Drospirenone" (2019)  ("Drospirenone," 2019)   ("Drospirenone," 2019)

Secondary Source with the year of primary source

Freud (1916) ... (as cited in Jones, 2003) Freud (1916) ... (as cited in Jones, 2003) (Freud, 1916, as cited in Jones, 2003) (Freud, 1916, as cited in Jones, 2003)

Secondary Source without the year of primary source

Freud (as cited in Jones, 2003)  Freud  (as cited in Jones, 2003) (Freud, as cited in Jones, 2003) (Freud, as cited in Jones, 2003)

Personal Communication (Do not include in
Reference page)

J.Smith (personal communication, March 19, 2016) J.Smith (personal communication, March 19, 2016) (J. Smith, personal communication, March 19, 2016) (J. Smith, personal communication, March 19, 2016)

Court Decision

Brown v. Board of
Education (1954)
Brown v. Board of
Education (1954)
(Brown v. Board of Education, 1954) (Brown v. Board of Education, 1954)
Federal Statue Violence Against Women (1994) Violence Against Women (1994) (Violence Against Women, 1994) (Violence Against Women, 1994)

Adapted from American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed).  https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000